Outline (Thesis #9)

Thesis: The repeated use of epithets in Homer’s “Odyssey” serve to both highlight important character traits and ground mythological creatures in the mortal world.

Body #1

  1. The epithets of the main characters, Telemakhos and Odysseus, introduce personalities that will appear throughout the epic.
    1. “clear-headed Telemakhos” (II, 137)
      1. Telemakhos visits Menelaos and rejects his invitation (IV, 635)
    2. “the stategist Odysseus” (V, 223)
      1. Odysseus flatters Kalypso (V, 224)
    3. “that kingly man, Odysseus” (VI, 231)
    4. Odysseus does not have a single epithet, but rather many. Both father and son share similar logical personality traits as indicated through their epithets.

Body #2

  1. Goddesses like Athena and Dawn, have epithets containing physical descriptions connecting them to reality.
    1. “grey-eyed goddess Athena” (I, 64)
    2. “Dawn spread on he eastern sky her fingers of pink light” (II, 1)
    3. These descriptions conjure up images for the listeners to remember them.


  1. The use of epithets for both mortal and immortal characters make the characters seem similar and relatable.
    1. Example – Relate Athena and Odysseus as both scheming and cunning.

One response to “Outline (Thesis #9)

  1. I like where you are going with comparing Odysseus and Telemakhos through their epithets- that’s a nice added twist that adds depth to your idea.

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